Everything You Need to Know About Windscreen/Windshield Wipers

Windscreen wipers are an important part of keeping your car in good condition. But do you know everything about them? In this blog post, we’ll cover the basics – and more – of windscreen wipers, from the different types and sizes to the benefits of replacing them regularly. Get ready to brush up on your windscreen wiper knowledge!

Importance of windscreen wipers in maintaining safe driving visibility

Having a clear view of the road ahead is essential for safe driving, and windscreen wipers are an important tool in achieving this. Windscreen wipers are designed to swing back and forth over the glass, pushing away rain, snow, ice, dust, pollen, or any other impediment to visibility so that you can see the road ahead. With advances in technology, motorised windshield wipers can recognise visibility problems developing due to rain and dust, helping drivers see while driving in all types of weather and driving conditions. 

Wipers are especially important during the monsoon season or when it’s snowing or raining to help reduce visibility issues and make sure drivers have a clear view of the road. Yet even in sunny countries like South Africa, windscreen wiper blades are an essential part of driving safely – no matter the weather. Knowing which type of wiper blades to choose, how to maintain them for optimal performance and when to replace them can go a long way in making sure you have a clear view of the road ahead. If you want to lear more about car parts click here.

Types of Windscreen Wipers

In addition to traditional wiper blades, there are also hybrid and beam wiper blades available. Hybrid wipers feature a combination of a frame and beam style design, providing superior performance in all weather conditions. Beam wipers are designed with a single arm that is attached to the motor, resulting in a movement that is parallel across the windscreen. When choosing windscreen wipers, it is important to consider factors such as the size and shape of the windscreen, climate and weather conditions, driving habits, and wiper blade material.

Traditional wipers

Traditional Wipers provide a reliable and cost-effective way to ensure driving visibility during rainy weather. They are composed of a metal arm connected to a rubber blade, with one end of the arm pivoting in order to move the blade across the windscreen. This type of wiper is typically used on passenger vehicles and offers an effective wipe angle. The metal framework of the traditional wiper blade serves as a mount for the actual rubber blade, providing a secure connection and allowing for easy replacement when needed.

Hybrid wipers

Hybrid wipers, a cross between a regular wiper and a flat beam blade, are a great choice for drivers who want the flexibility of a flat beam blade with the added strength and durability of traditional wipers. These wipers were first introduced on luxury cars in the early 2000s, and they offer the same excellent wipe in all weather conditions that regular wipers deliver, but with more flexibility and a quieter operation on wet and semi-dry windshields. Plus, they come with pre-assembled Multi-Clamp Adapters for quick installation.

Beam wipers

Beam wipers are the latest innovation in windshield wiper technology, designed to provide optimal performance and visibility in all conditions. Unlike traditional wipers, beam wipers feature an encased spring-steel band that allows the wiper to adjust to the curvature of the windshield. Additionally, they are made with a Memory Curve Steel beam that conforms to the curve of your windshield for maximum contact pressure points and are more flexible than conventional blades, adhering closely to the contours of your windscreen. As a result, beam wiper blades provide superior cleaning performance, even in extreme weather conditions.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Windscreen Wipers

When choosing the right windscreen wipers for your car, it’s important to consider a few factors, such as the size and shape of your windscreen, the climate and weather conditions you’ll be driving in, your driving habits, and the type of wiper blade material you want. Different materials are designed to provide different levels of performance and durability, so it’s important to take all these factors into account when making your decision.

Size and shape of windscreen

The size and shape of the windscreen are very important factors to consider when selecting your windscreen wipers. It is important to note that the wiper size should correspond with the length of the windshield, as too small of a wiper may not provide adequate coverage and too large of a wiper may not fit properly. Additionally, curved windshields may require more flexible wiper blades in order to fit properly. To ensure that you select the right size and shape of windscreen wiper for your vehicle, it is best to consult the manufacturer’s specifications or a professional technician.

Climate and weather conditions

Maintaining windscreen wipers for optimal performance is essential, especially when it comes to climate and weather conditions. Extreme temperatures can put additional strain on wipers, from sub-zero winter weather to scorching African sun. In order to ensure that your wipers are up to the challenge, it’s important to consider whether your climate will require specific types of wiper blades. Summer wiper fluid can freeze in cold temperatures, which can cause damage to the wiper pump or reservoir, so it’s essential to choose a product that is designed for the specific climate. When driving in rainy or monsoon conditions, windscreen wipers should be up to the task of removing heavy rain drops on the windshield. Finally, winter weather can be especially hard on wipers with snow and ice covering the windshield. Knowing how to properly care for and replace your wipers in each season is key for safe driving visibility.

Driving habits

Driving habits can also play a role in choosing the right windshield wipers. If you mostly drive in areas with heavy rain, then you’ll want to opt for wipers that can handle more water pressure. If you drive frequently on highways or at higher speeds, then you’ll want to select wipers that are designed for faster speeds. Additionally, if you frequently drive in areas with snow and ice, then you’ll want to select winter-specific wipers. Regardless of your driving habits, it’s important to choose a wiper that is designed for your specific needs.

Wiper blade material

When it comes to wiper blade material, there are two main options that you can choose from: silicone and rubber. Silicone blades are more durable and can withstand extreme temperatures, while rubber blades are more flexible and less expensive. Both types of wiper blades have their advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to consider your climate, driving habits, and budget before making a decision.

Maintenance and Replacement

Properly maintaining your windscreen wipers is essential for optimal performance and visibility when driving, regardless of the type of wiper you have. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning the blades with a damp cloth, will help ensure that your wipers are always ready to provide clear vision. Additionally, you should be on the lookout for signs that it’s time to replace your wiper blades, such as streaking or squeaking noises. If you do need to replace your wipers, make sure to find ones that fit your windscreen correctly and are designed for the climate and weather conditions in your area. Doing so can help ensure that you have maximum visibility when it counts.

How to properly maintain windscreen wipers for optimal performance

The key to keeping windscreen wipers in optimal condition is to ensure that they are regularly maintained. To do so, it is important to check for any damage, such as cracks, chips, or splits. If any of these are present, then it is time for a replacement. It is also important to keep the windshield clean and free of dirt and oil buildup, as this can lead to the wiper blades wearing out more quickly. Additionally, be sure to use plenty of windshield washer fluid when using the wipers, and avoid using strong cleaning agents or a high-pressure cleaner. With proper maintenance and care, your windscreen wipers should last 6-12 months or within the timeframe recommended by the manufacturer.

Signs that indicate it’s time to replace wipers

Many drivers may not be aware of the signs that indicate it’s time to replace their wiper blades. If your blades are juddering around on your windscreen, this is a surefire sign you’re in need of new blades. This could mean your car’s spongy replaceable blades on the wipers have worn down or are damaged. If the blades are streaking, smearing or clicking when wiping the windshield, this is a sign that the frame arms or arm joints/connections are broken, bent or detached. 

You can look for warning signs such as squeaking sounds, streaking and splitting – these signs of damage suggest that it is time for wiper blade replacement. We generally recommend that you replace your wiper blades every 12 months to ensure they continue to provide maximum visibility. However, if your windscreen has experienced any of the above signs, it may be wise to replace them sooner.

How to properly replace windscreen wipers

Once you have decided to replace your windscreen wipers, it is important to know the steps involved in doing so. First, find the right part of the blade to change. Most cars don’t require tools to replace windshield wiper blades; you’ll need only both hands. Locate the blades on your car and lift the wiper arm away from the windscreen.

Place a towel at the base of your windscreen as an extra precaution. Then turn the blade perpendicular and pull it down. With the rubber pointing towards the windscreen, carefully lift the wiper arm and pull the new blade connector into the hook until you hear or feel a click. Finally, slide on the new blades and make sure they are securely in place.

Troubleshooting Common Windscreen Wiper Issues

Troubleshooting common windscreen wiper issues can be a tricky task, but with the right knowledge, it’s relatively easy to fix. Common causes of wipers not working include a blown-out fuse, pulse board failure, a burned-out wiper motor or a damaged wiper blade linkage. 

Additionally, streaks may be caused by the pressure of the windshield wiper decreasing or the rubber cracking and splitting. Chatter can also occur due to damaged wiper blades or incorrect blades for your car. To avoid these issues in the future, make sure to inspect your windscreen wipers regularly and replace them when necessary. This article was written by AQG Auto Wreckers Perth!